The Statute of Limitations for Medical Malpractice Claims in Florida

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In the complex landscape of medical malpractice claims, time plays a crucial role. Understanding the statute of limitations is essential if you believe you have been a victim of medical negligence in Florida. This legal timeframe dictates how long you have to file a lawsuit and seek compensation for any harm suffered. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the statute of limitations for medical malpractice claims in Florida, shedding light on the important factors you need to consider.

What is the Statute of Limitations?

The statute of limitations is a law that sets a specific time limit within which a lawsuit must be filed. It serves as a protection mechanism for defendants, ensuring that legal claims are brought forth within a reasonable timeframe. For medical malpractice cases in Florida, the statute of limitations exists to strike a balance between providing patients with an opportunity for recourse while allowing healthcare professionals to move forward without perpetual liability.

Statute of Limitations for Medical Malpractice in Florida

In Florida, the statute of limitations for medical malpractice claims is governed by Section 95.11(4)(b) of the Florida Statutes. As of the time of writing, the general rule is as follows:

  • The claim must be filed within two years from the date the patient discovered or should have discovered the injury or harm caused by the alleged medical malpractice.
  • If the injury or harm is not discovered within four years from the date it occurred, then regardless of when it was discovered, the claim is generally barred, unless certain exceptional circumstances apply.
  • It’s important to note that the specific details of your case may impact the application of the statute of limitations, and seeking legal advice is crucial to ensure accurate interpretation.

Tolling of the Statute of Limitations

Certain circumstances may affect the running of the statute of limitations in medical malpractice cases. These are referred to as tolling factors and can provide an extension of the time limit. The tolling factors recognized in Florida include:

  • Fraud, concealment, or intentional misrepresentation by the healthcare provider that prevents the discovery of the injury or harm.
  • The presence of a foreign object inside the patient’s body, which was unknowingly left behind during a medical procedure.
  • Claims involving minors under the age of eight, where the lawsuit can be filed until the child’s eighth birthday.

Statute of Repose

In addition to the statute of limitations, Florida also enforces a statute of repose, which places an absolute deadline on filing medical malpractice claims. As of the time of writing, the statute of repose for medical malpractice in Florida is generally seven years from the date the alleged negligence occurred, regardless of when the injury was discovered or should have been discovered.

It’s important to consult with a qualified medical malpractice attorney to understand the specific timelines that apply to your case, as exceptions and unique circumstances may impact the application of the statute of repose.


Navigating the statute of limitations for medical malpractice claims in Florida requires careful attention to detail and a clear understanding of the legal framework. Time is of the essence in seeking justice for medical negligence. It is crucial to consult with an experienced medical malpractice attorney as soon as you suspect malpractice to ensure compliance with the applicable deadlines.

Remember, the information provided here serves as a general guide, and individual circumstances may vary. Seek personalized legal advice to fully understand the statute of limitations that apply to your case and take the necessary steps towards protecting your rights and pursuing a potential medical malpractice claim within the required timeframe.